Manuscript > al-Tuḥfah al-mursalah

Detail Information

Title: al-Tuḥfah al-mursalah
Full Title: al-Tuḥfah al-mursalah ilá al-nabī
Author: Muhammad Fadl Allah al-Hindi al-Burhanpuri
Place, Date of Birth: India, none
Place, Date of Dead: India, 1620
Place of Activity: India
Language: Arabic
Script: Arabic
Subject Matter: Sufism
Genre: Prose
Date of Autograph (century): 16
Found in : Johns 1965; Drewes, 1966: 290-300; Ricklefs, 1973: 347-349; Carey, 1975: 341-344.

This text deals with the Sufi's teaching on universe, which is called as "Martabat Tujuh" (seven grades). The author explains that the universe, including man, was brought into existence by tajallī or the emanation of God: aḥadīyah, waḥdah, wāḥidīyah, ‘ālam arwāḥ, ‘ālam mithāl, ‘ālam ajsām and ‘ālam insān.

In the context of the Malay muslim world, the al-Tuḥfah was so popular and have highly influenced mystical thoughts of some Malay Sufis, including Ḥamzah al-Fanṣūrī, Shams al-Dīn al-Sumatra'ī, ‘Abd al-Raūf ibn ‘Alī al-Jāwī al-Fanṣūrī, ‘Abd al-Ṣamad al-Falimbānī, ‘Abd al-Muḥyī Pamijahan, and others.

A publication on the text has been made by A.H. Johns (1965) which includes Arabic text of the al-Tuḥfah (p. 128-137), with Javanese poetic version and english translations of the Arabic and Javanese texts.

A commentary of this text, entitled Itḥāf al-dhakī bi-sharḥ al-tuḥfah al-mursalah ilá al-nabī, has been written by a Kurdi's scholar, Ibrāhīm ibn Ḥasan al-Kūrānī (1616-1690), one of the most important teachers of Aceh ulama, ‘Abd al-Raūf ibn ‘Alī al-Jāwī al-Fanṣūrī (1615-1693). This commentary was written as the author's response to a repeatedly request from a number of Malay Muslim scholars, or Jamā‘at al-Jāwīyīn, to write an explanation of the al-Tuḥfah, which appropriate to the essential principles in the Koran and the Tradition (hadīth). This request was submitted by the Jamā‘at al-Jāwīyīn regarding the missunderstanding among the ordinary people in the Malay world, or Bilād Jāwah, surrounding the doctrine.